Camões, Luís de

(1525?-1579 or 1580)
   Portugal's national epic poet of the Age of Discoveries and author of the most celebrated piece of national literature, Luís de Camoes's lifespan marked both the high tide and ebbing of Portuguese imperial power. Educated at the University of Coimbra, Camões for much of his life, most of which remains largely unknown, was an adventurer overseas. He served as a soldier in Morocco, as Portugal began to lose its hold on parts of Morocco, and was later imprisoned. After his release, he shipped out to Portuguese India, to Goa, where he served the king. He lived in Portuguese India, Macau, and Mozambique, and his Eastern years left a permanent mark on his mind and soul. Upon his return to Portugal, he continued writing as a poet, and in 1572, his most famous work, better known and more quoted than any other piece of the nation's literature, Os Lusíadas (The Lusiads), was published in Lisbon. Whatever the reception of his epic poem, the story of the great Vasco da Gama's voyage to India (1497-99) within the context of the history of Portugal, Camões cannot have gained a great deal from its publication. It is said that he fell into poverty, that a servant or friend of his was forced to beg for food for Camões, and that he died in misery. In Portuguese tradition, it is also recounted that before he died he was informed of the disastrous battle of Alcácer- Quivir in 1578 and the resulting loss of the king, his army, and any defenses remaining to Portugal. Camões, the story goes, exclaimed, "I die with the Fatherland!"

Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Camões, Luís de — ▪ Portuguese poet Introduction in full  Luís Vaz de Camões , English  Luís Vaz de Camoëns , or  Camoens  born c. 1524/25, Lisbon died June 10, 1580, Lisbon       Portugal s great national poet, author of the epic poem Os Lusíadas (1572; The… …   Universalium

  • Camões, Luis Vaz de — • Epic poet, born in 1524 or 1525; died 10 June, 1580 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • CAMOES, Luis Vaz de — (c. 1524/25 1580) Luís Vaz de Camoes, nicknamed the Portuguese Virgil, was the greatest lyric poet of Portugal, and indeed of sixteenth century Europe, and the author of the epic national poem Os Lusiadas (The Lusiads or, literally, The… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Camões Family — Origins It seems that this surname had its origin from the Palace of Camauda, of which makes mention Gonzalo Argote de Molina, which is in the Kingdom of Navarre in land of the Basques, corrupted from Camanda to Camoens , from where they passed… …   Wikipedia

  • Luís de Camões — Luís Vaz de Camões [luˈiʃ vaʃ dɨ kaˈmõi̯ʃ] (auch Luiz Vaz de Camoes) (* 1524 oder 1525 vermutlich in Coimbra oder Lissabon; † 10. Juni 1579 oder …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Luís de Camões — Luís Vaz de Camões o Camoens (Lisboa,c. 1524 Lisboa, 10 de junio de 1580[1 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Luis Vaz de Camoes — Luís Vaz de Camões [luˈiʃ vaʃ dɨ kaˈmõi̯ʃ] (* 1524 oder 1525 vermutlich in Coimbra oder Lissabon; † 10. Juni 1579 oder 1580 in Lissabon) gilt als der portugiesische Nationaldichter. Biographische Angaben über ihn sind spärlich und teilweise nich …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Luis de Camoes — Luís de Camões Luís Vaz de Camões D’après un portrait de François Gérard. Activité(s) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Luis de Camoëns — Luís de Camões Luís Vaz de Camões D’après un portrait de François Gérard. Activité(s) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Luís Vaz de Camões — Luís de Camões Luís Vaz de Camões D’après un portrait de François Gérard. Activité(s) …   Wikipédia en Français

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